Archive for Five Points of architecture

Le Corbusier to Peter Zumthor passes one straight line….”Conscious Inspiration”

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 16, 2013 by eliinbar

From eliinbar's sketchbook 2013- Le Corbusier to Peter Zumthor  passes one straight line…."Conscious Inspiration"

From Eliinbar’s sketchbook 2013– Le Corbusier to Peter Zumthor  passes one straight line….Conscious Inspiration

Peter Zumthor recently published a model for the Los Angeles County Museum of Art  – LACMA ,new building

 Museum of Art - LACMA

 Does Peter Zumthor also plans according to the principals of the Conscious Inspiration method

Apparently so
Let’s examine how Conscious Inspiration works for Peter Zumthor
The first step in any process of conscious inspiration, is knowledge.

 The most dominant feature in Peter Zumthor’s building,  is the fact that it is raised from the ground by huge PILOTIS

-Columns, pillars, or stilts that lift a building above ground or water ,are traditionally found in stilt and pole dwellings such as fishermen’s huts in Asia and Scandinavia

fishermen-s-stilt-houses-pilar-bicol-southern-luzon-philippines-southeast-asia-asia

Fishermen’s Stilt Houses, Pilar, Bicol

Southern Luzon, Philippines

Southeast Asia

The architect that is most ןdentify  with the idea of ​​PILOTIS is Le Corbusier.  THE PILOTIS is the first principle of  le corbusier’s five
points of architecture
The main idea that led to lifting building PILOTIS ,is to allow a sequence of green areas and free movement of pedestrians.
The next sketch by Le Corbusier is showing a typical section of  Unite D’habitation = high-rise housing block 1946-1952
Le Corbusier's sketch
notice the  Unite D’habitation is raised up on pilotis  ,the green landscape spaces surrounding as  Le Corbusier’s Vision for  “La Ville
Radieus”  =  radiant city
The second phase of the Conscious Inspiration process is the development of the conscious inspiration Tools.
Zumthor chose to present his project using a physical model
The model represents the initial phase of the project
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The Los Angeles County Museum of Art  (LACMA) zumathor’s new
design would act as a “user-based village” of experiences with several access points and routes. Just as one would wander through a forest

The third step in the Conscious Inspiration process,is to identify relevant sources of inspiration (existing buildings)
There are two types of buildings that can be a sources of inspiration
Buildings that are highly recognized representing a source of inspiration for many architects

one of them is  Le Corbusier’s Unite d’ Habitation built in Marseille  1946-1952 

shown in

the next image

                                                                                                                  

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                                                                                                                                                  –

The same year Le Corbusier’s Unite d’ Habitation in Marseille was finished 1952Kenzo Tange’s Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum in Japan ,was opened

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 notice Kenzo Tange’s Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum is a  raised horizontal beam up on pilotis

Newly constructed buildings are used as specific inspiration sources

 Recently were published two buildings (one of them a museum) that realize the design principles developed by Le Corbusier in the 20s of the last century, the first principle of le corbusier’s five points of architecture, lift the building on PILOTIS to allow continuity of the ground level of pedestrian movement and sequence of the forest

The first building is Jean Nouvel’s quai Branly Musée du Paris, 1995-2005 

                                                                                                                                           3311238825_0b6efdeb42 (1)

Note the prominent principles of this Museum
raised horizontal beam up on pilotis, allowing passage of pedestrians on the ground floor,in a clear green Characteristics.
One year after completion of the  Jean Nouvel’s Branly Musée 
Steven Hall plans an horizontal skyscraper, the  VANKE CENTER in Shenzhen,China  2006-2009
dzn_steven-holl-vanke-61
Once more ,note the prominent principles of this building,
raised horizontal beam, up on pilotis,llowing passage of pedestrians on the ground floor,in a clear green characteristics.

Step Four  realise your invention

The next image is a general view of Peter Zumthor’s Los Angeles County Museum of Art model

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Unlike the very characteristics raised horizontal beam, up on pilotis
  Zumthor’s  Museum is a very large amorphous surface.

   

Is  Zumthor’s  Museum   a good example of Conscious Inspiration?

For you to judge….

 

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Le Corbusier and the double message of the Conscious Inspiration

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 9, 2013 by eliinbar

Here is Le Corbusier’s thought-provoking quote, published in his book “Towards Architecture“, in the early 20’s of the last century

The iron and cement  during the last fifty years brought achievements , indicating the powerful of construction, but also architecture that its code is disrupted

? What was Le corbusier‘s message when he wrote this phrase

It is possible to interpret Le corbusier’s  message literally

Architects failed to take advantage correctly ,of new construction technologies that were developed at the end of the 19th century and early 20th century

I think Le Corbusier wanted to  send us a message bit different

:That is how I understand, le Corbusier’s message 

 Since its birth, the architectural bases itself on the guiding principles

    These principles serves the needs of the primary users, we all

?Where do we find the guiding principles

We finde the guiding principles in existing buildings

 Architects failed to take advantage correctly ,of new construction technologies because they did not base their new designs on Inspiring buildings

 Instead of learning the guiding principles that have evolved over the centuries, they choose to skip this legacy, and reinvent the wheel

 This architecture does not serve us

 I can suggest a name to Le corbusier’s message , I would call  it Conscious Inspiration

Here Is an interesting example , Le Corbusier has published in his book Towards Architecture

This example shows us how “Conscious Inspiration” works for Le Corbusier

Here are the four Conscious Inspiration steps, who led Corbusier to high quality and creative architecture

First step–  le Corbusier choose the right “Inspiration Sources” that empowers his vision,  guiding principles = Outlining guidelines

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Second step– this is one of Le Corbusier’s first buildings. le Corbusier implements consciously the principals of the “Outlining guidelines” in a building characterized by periodical architectural characteristics   

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Third step – le Corbusier develops his own personal design tools =five points of architecture / Maison Domino

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Le Corbusir’s five points of architecture – Eliinbar sketches 2011

Fourth step- le Corbusier use his inspiration sources as the “Planning Process Generator”, he combines the tools developed and design high quality creative architecture, The building shown in the next image is a completely radical design compared to buildings which are being built at the time

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Le Corbusier – five points of Architecture – the Japanese Conscious Inspiration interpretation

Posted in buildings with tags , , , , , , , on August 1, 2011 by eliinbar

From eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2011

Here is an interesting Conscious Inspiration interpretation of the Japanese architecture practice ON design partners to Le Corbusier’s five points of architecture. 

Japanese architecture practice ON design partners designed a two-storey residential complex for young artists. 

The design elevates the living units to sit above a semi public courtyard which serves as a multifunctional place for exhibitions, work, and socializing.

 Nishida Osamu + Nakagawa Erika / ON design partners

 yokohama apartment

 published in designboom 07.28.11

Le  Corbusier Architect

Villa Savoye outskirts of Paris, France

 built between 1928 and 1931 (A manifesto of Le Corbusier’s “five points” of new architecture)

Eliinbar sketches 2011 “Conscious Inspiration”

You are invited to visit my relevant posts

 Le Corbusier – Les maisons Domino  

 Le Corbusier & Archigram – “Buildings floating in the air” or building moving” 

Conscious Inspiration Facades 2 

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Check the   CONSCIOUS  INSPARATION  PAGE

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Le  Corbusier’s ,Villa Savoye – Ground plan

 ON design partners yokohama apartment  – Ground plan

Le  Corbusier’s  Villa Savoye – First floor

ON design partners yokohama apartment  – First floor

Conscious Inspiration Facades 2

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , on March 8, 2011 by eliinbar

Five points of architecture

It was Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye (1929–1931) that most succinctly summed up his five points of architecture that he had elucidated in the journal L’Esprit Nouveau and his book Vers une architecture, which he had been developing throughout the 1920s. First, Le Corbusier lifted the bulk of the structure off the ground, supporting it by pilotis – reinforced concrete stilts. These pilotis, in providing the structural support for the house, allowed him to elucidate his next two points: a free façade, meaning non-supporting walls that could be designed as the architect wished, and an open floor plan, meaning that the floor space was free to be configured into rooms without concern for supporting walls. The second floor of the Villa Savoye includes long strips of ribbon windows that allow unencumbered views of the large surrounding yard, and which constitute the fourth point of his system. The fifth point was the roof garden to compensate for the green area consumed by the building and replacing it on the roof. From Wikipedia

Here is my personal interpretation-sketch to the story of buildings Façades. From Le Corbusiers’ Villa Savoye “free Façade” ( 1929-1931) till today.

I am aware about the existence of other parallel stories….

I will deal with them in my future posts

 

Conscious Inspiration Facades eliinbar Sketches 2011      

 

 

    

Two  Dimensional Facades

 

The Multi Layers Facades

Jean Nouvel Architect Tour Agbar 2005

 

The Transparent Façade

Mies Van de Rohe The Seagram Building 1969

 

The Double Wall Facades 

 

 

The “Mashrabia” Facades

Jean Nouvel Architect Institute du Monde Arab  1981-1987

 

 

Shadowing Facades

Sean Godsell Architect  Cater\Tucker house 1998-2000

 

The Lace Facades

Jacob Macfarlane Arch. “the Orange Cube” 2005-2011

 

 

Three Dimensional Facades

 

The Sponge Concept Facades

Steven Holl Architect Sketch for Nanning Chaina 2002

 

The Wrapped Boxes style Facades

Ron Arad Architect Holon Museum 2003-2010

 

The Slice Facades

Zaha Hadid Performing Arts Center Hague 2010

 

The Frank Gehry Style Facades

Frank Gehry’s private house 1978

 

You are invited to visit my recent and relevant posts

https://archidialog.com/2011/01/19

https://archidialog.com/2010/08/24

https://archidialog.com/2011/02/22/

https://archidialog.com/2010/03/28/

https://archidialog.com/2010/04/22/

 

 

Check the   CONSCIOUS  INSPARATION  PAGE

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