Archive for Le Corbusier

……….Expo 2015 Milan = Controlling light

Posted in buildings, Inspiration Source, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on October 24, 2015 by eliinbar

"Controlling Light" In Expo 2015

eliinbar’s  sketches 2015 – “Controlling Light” In Expo 2015

I visited this year Expo in Milan….

Expo 2015 Motto is  Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life

From the point of view of an architect ,Milan Expo 2015 is a  dreamy playground containing 145 Structures designed by talented architects

appears that 145 architects

in Expo 2015

chose to deal with

a common challenge

to Control  Light

you are already familiar

to this blog tradition

I will first deal with different strategies of

how to “Control Light” implemented in different structures in Expo 2015

And than

I shall propose

their

Inspiration sources

for you to judge

Here is a sketch showing the most common design strategy in  Expo 2015

to Control Light by

envelopes made of Layers

Layers that are composed of vertical and horizontal slabs

"Controlling Light" In Expo 2015

“Controlling Light” In Expo 2015

shown in the next image

is the Ireland’s pavilion in Expo 2015

notice the shading strategy implemented in the Ireland’s pavilion

layers of vertical slabs connected to the envelope structure

in  variable density

IMG_6008

and this is  le Corbusier’s  La Tourette Monastery in Lyon France designed and built from 1953 to 1957

6101173488_97b72fd209_b

notice the shading strategy implemented in le Corbusier’s  La Tourette Monastery

layers of vertical slabs connected to the envelope structure

in  variable density

eliinbar's sketches 2015 -inspiration sources- "Controlling Light" In Expo 2015

eliinbar’s  sketches 2015 -inspiration sources- “Controlling Light” In Expo 2015

Is le Corbusier’s  La Tourette Monastery, the Ireland’s Pavilion inspiration?

for you to judge

 _

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_

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more pavilions in Expo 2015 in Milan

implementing this strategy

The Czech pavilion

 Czech pavilion in expo 2015 vertical slabs

Azerbaijan pavilion in expo 2015

Azerbaijan pavilion in expo 2015- horizontal slabs


IMG_6099

German pavilion in expo 2015- horizontal slabs

IMG_6082

 Romania pavilion in expo 2015- vertical slabs

French pavilion in Expo 2015

French pavilion in Expo 2015 – vertical slabs

Pavilion Expo 2015

more

Inspirational stories from Expo 2015, in future posts

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Le Corbusier Is probably the “Conscious Inspiration” Father, but without doubt, Rem Koolhaas is the Contemporary Inspiration Source for leading architects

Posted in Inspiration Source, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 23, 2014 by eliinbar

Eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2014 ,Rem Koolhaas and SANAA Typology of a Shifted Buildings

From Eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2014– Rem Koolhaas and SANAA Typology of a Shifted Buildings

 –

After a long break, I’m back.. Business as usual .. Nothing new under the sun.

Today’s post will be the first of a series, inquiring whether one of the leading architectural firms in the world, office of Architecture OMA led by Rem Koolhaas, is a popular Inspiration Sources among leading architects today.

Each post will introduce a building designed by  Rem Koolhaas . I will identify the building main configuration, and its origins. Then I will unfold some buildings, we can identify characteristics indicating they were influenced  by Rem Koolhaas   .

In other words,  Rem Koolhaas’s  buildings, most likely were their Inspiration Source

The Inspiration Source

This is the new De Rotterdam complex a “vertical city” in Rotterdam completed in 2013

Designed By office of Architecture OMA led by Rem Koolhaas

Commission 1997, groundbreaking December 2009, completion November 2013

De-Rotterdam-by-OMA-interview-with-Rem-Koolhaas_dezeen_1SQ

  Rem Koolhaas’s quote published in DEZEEN :

a building that consists of separate volumes that were slightly shifted vis-a-vis each other

The main configuration

 Here is a sketch I made, that explains the principles of the typology of a Shifted Buildings

Typology of a Shifted Buildings

The origins

 And this building  is Frank Lloyd Wright’s “Falling Water” built in the USA in 1934 . this building is probably one of the known examples of  Shifted Buildings.

 Frank Loyd  Whrite's “Falling Water”

 Frank Lloyd Wright- “Falling Water”

Plans, sections and elevations

Frank Loyd  Whrite's “Falling Water”  Plans, sections and elevations

 Note that the principle of shifting is expressed in plans, sections and elevations

Conscious Inspiration today

This is a Museum built lately in NewYork City,designed by Tokyo-based architects Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa.

 Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa are partners in the Japanese architectural firm SANAA.

 SANAA has won the 2010 Pritzker Architecture Prize, the profession’s highest honor.

SANAA received the commission of this Museum in 2002 and completion was in 2007

museum-of-contemporary-art

SANAA‘s Museum is a multi purpose buildings with an ambitious program a dramatic stack of seven rectangular boxes.

The following video explains well the museum main configuration

Of shifted boxes.

What do the architects have to say?

This is how Rem koolhaas describes the main  configuration of the De Rotterdam complex: “a building that consists of separate volumes that were slightly shifted vis-a-vis each other

From: DEZEEN

 

And this is SANAA’s description for the  museum in New York: “We knew we could not maximize the entire site with solid architecture, we had to reduce the building’s mass somehow to create space between it and the perimeter. The solution of the shifted boxes arrived quickly”.

From New Building Museume

 

 

Notice that Rem Koolhaas and SANAA are using the same basic notions to describe their buildings: “shifted volumes / boxes“.

Eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2014 ,Rem Koolhaas and SANAA Typology of a Shifted Buildings

 From Eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2014– Rem Koolhaas and SANAA Typology of a Shifted Buildings

 –

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Memories

Glimpse to the past

you are invited to visit my relevant posts

MVRDV Inspiration …. Or a self fulfilling prophecy

Eliinbar's sketches

 Rem Koolhaas & MVRDV-”Conscious Inspiration”5

rem-koolhaas-mvrdv-eliinbar-sketches-2010

Here are some more contemporary buildings,designed by the same principle of SHIFTING TYPOLOGY….OMA’s De Rotterdam complex most likely is their Inspiration Source

– Building_Blocks_by_psion005

 sanjay  puri architect   דובאי

house-of-arts-and-culture-beirut-by-mikou-design-studio

Shifted Buildings q_65_g_8_c_n_p__picsnews_665071

oa01

shenzhen_4_in_1_towers-_mvrdv050309_1

gehry12

-atelier- UID Architects      Osaka

garrison architects

hamburg science centre  OMA

aedas02

thumb  August, 2008

בנינים מדורגים

dzn_Modern-Art-Museum-of-Medellin-by-51-1-Arquitectos-1

laurentian-p-house-in-the-laurentian-saucierperro-tte-montreal-canadaarchitectsmountains

Sugar-Hill-by-David-Adjaye_dezeen_1sq

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in my Facebook

We passed the 9000 likes Thank you all     enjoy….

  Eliinbar

Le Corbusier and Carlo Scarpa shows us that Extrusion is a pure creation of the spirit, and it should be realized by a plastic artist = Architect

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 23, 2013 by eliinbar

 Le Corbusier and Carlos Scarpa shows us that Extrusion is a pure creation of the spirit,and it should be realized by a plastic artist=Architect

From Eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2013 – Le Corbusier and Carlo Scarpa shows us that Extrusion is a pure creation of the spirit,and it should be realized by a plastic artist=Architect

sketches-for-baner-etzy2-copy-3-copy-copy-copy[1]

The following quote, is from le Corbusier’s  book “Towards an Architecture” ,published in 1923:

Extrusion is the touchstone of architecture

It distinguishes Art from Engineering

Extrusion is free of all constraint

This is not a question of conventions, tradition, construction method or even usefulness

Extrusion is a pure creation of the spirit, it needs a plastic artist

– 

Le Corbusier ,in his book Towards  an Architecture, presents to us the Pantheon‘s coffered dome  ,as an example for an extrusion’s inspiration source

The Pantheon was built during the reign of Augustus in Rome ,Italy

Pantheon's Coffered dome

Years after the Pantheon was built

The renowned architect ,Carlo Scarpa, was inspired by the coffered dome of the Pantheon

Here Is a typical detail from the Brion’s Family mausoleum ceiling, designed by Carlo Scarpa  1969-1978

typical detail from the Brion's Family mausoleum, designed by Carlos Scarpa  1969-1978

 Le Corbusier and Carlos Scarpa shows us that Extrusion is a pure creation of the spirit,and it should be realized by a plastic artist=Architect

From Eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2013 – Le Corbusier and Carlo Scarpa shows us that Extrusion is a pure creation of the spirit,and it should be realized by a plastic artist = Architect

For you to Judge

If you want to learn more about famous architects  inspired by ancient temples,  You are invited to visit my relevant and very popular post

David Chipperfield & Oscar Niemeyer & The Parthenon Conscious Inspiration

david-chipperfield-oscar-niemeyer-eliinbar-sketches-2011-001

Eliinbar’s Sketches 2011  The Parthenon -Conscious Inspiration

sketches-for-baner-etzy2-copy-3-copy-copy-copy[1]

Check the   NEW  CONSCIOUS  INSPIRATION  PAGE

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We passed the 9000 likes
Thank you all
    enjoy….

  Eliinbar

Le Corbusier to Peter Zumthor passes one straight line….”Conscious Inspiration”

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 16, 2013 by eliinbar

From eliinbar's sketchbook 2013- Le Corbusier to Peter Zumthor  passes one straight line…."Conscious Inspiration"

From Eliinbar’s sketchbook 2013– Le Corbusier to Peter Zumthor  passes one straight line….Conscious Inspiration

Peter Zumthor recently published a model for the Los Angeles County Museum of Art  – LACMA ,new building

 Museum of Art - LACMA

 Does Peter Zumthor also plans according to the principals of the Conscious Inspiration method

Apparently so
Let’s examine how Conscious Inspiration works for Peter Zumthor
The first step in any process of conscious inspiration, is knowledge.

 The most dominant feature in Peter Zumthor’s building,  is the fact that it is raised from the ground by huge PILOTIS

-Columns, pillars, or stilts that lift a building above ground or water ,are traditionally found in stilt and pole dwellings such as fishermen’s huts in Asia and Scandinavia

fishermen-s-stilt-houses-pilar-bicol-southern-luzon-philippines-southeast-asia-asia

Fishermen’s Stilt Houses, Pilar, Bicol

Southern Luzon, Philippines

Southeast Asia

The architect that is most ןdentify  with the idea of ​​PILOTIS is Le Corbusier.  THE PILOTIS is the first principle of  le corbusier’s five
points of architecture
The main idea that led to lifting building PILOTIS ,is to allow a sequence of green areas and free movement of pedestrians.
The next sketch by Le Corbusier is showing a typical section of  Unite D’habitation = high-rise housing block 1946-1952
Le Corbusier's sketch
notice the  Unite D’habitation is raised up on pilotis  ,the green landscape spaces surrounding as  Le Corbusier’s Vision for  “La Ville
Radieus”  =  radiant city
The second phase of the Conscious Inspiration process is the development of the conscious inspiration Tools.
Zumthor chose to present his project using a physical model
The model represents the initial phase of the project
51af776ab3fc4b225b000148_a-first-look-at-peter-zumthor-s-design-for-the-lacma_screen_shot_2013-06-05_at_10-34-29_am-528x249
The Los Angeles County Museum of Art  (LACMA) zumathor’s new
design would act as a “user-based village” of experiences with several access points and routes. Just as one would wander through a forest

The third step in the Conscious Inspiration process,is to identify relevant sources of inspiration (existing buildings)
There are two types of buildings that can be a sources of inspiration
Buildings that are highly recognized representing a source of inspiration for many architects

one of them is  Le Corbusier’s Unite d’ Habitation built in Marseille  1946-1952 

shown in

the next image

                                                                                                                  

1892581429_7699c0b228

                                                                                                                                                  –

The same year Le Corbusier’s Unite d’ Habitation in Marseille was finished 1952Kenzo Tange’s Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum in Japan ,was opened

48

 notice Kenzo Tange’s Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum is a  raised horizontal beam up on pilotis

Newly constructed buildings are used as specific inspiration sources

 Recently were published two buildings (one of them a museum) that realize the design principles developed by Le Corbusier in the 20s of the last century, the first principle of le corbusier’s five points of architecture, lift the building on PILOTIS to allow continuity of the ground level of pedestrian movement and sequence of the forest

The first building is Jean Nouvel’s quai Branly Musée du Paris, 1995-2005 

                                                                                                                                           3311238825_0b6efdeb42 (1)

Note the prominent principles of this Museum
raised horizontal beam up on pilotis, allowing passage of pedestrians on the ground floor,in a clear green Characteristics.
One year after completion of the  Jean Nouvel’s Branly Musée 
Steven Hall plans an horizontal skyscraper, the  VANKE CENTER in Shenzhen,China  2006-2009
dzn_steven-holl-vanke-61
Once more ,note the prominent principles of this building,
raised horizontal beam, up on pilotis,llowing passage of pedestrians on the ground floor,in a clear green characteristics.

Step Four  realise your invention

The next image is a general view of Peter Zumthor’s Los Angeles County Museum of Art model

51af77a1b3fc4bbb7a00014e_a-first-look-at-peter-zumthor-s-design-for-the-lacma_screen_shot_2013-06-05_at_10-36-37_am-528x326

Unlike the very characteristics raised horizontal beam, up on pilotis
  Zumthor’s  Museum is a very large amorphous surface.

   

Is  Zumthor’s  Museum   a good example of Conscious Inspiration?

For you to judge….

 

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Le Corbusier and the double message of the Conscious Inspiration

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 9, 2013 by eliinbar

Here is Le Corbusier’s thought-provoking quote, published in his book “Towards Architecture“, in the early 20’s of the last century

The iron and cement  during the last fifty years brought achievements , indicating the powerful of construction, but also architecture that its code is disrupted

? What was Le corbusier‘s message when he wrote this phrase

It is possible to interpret Le corbusier’s  message literally

Architects failed to take advantage correctly ,of new construction technologies that were developed at the end of the 19th century and early 20th century

I think Le Corbusier wanted to  send us a message bit different

:That is how I understand, le Corbusier’s message 

 Since its birth, the architectural bases itself on the guiding principles

    These principles serves the needs of the primary users, we all

?Where do we find the guiding principles

We finde the guiding principles in existing buildings

 Architects failed to take advantage correctly ,of new construction technologies because they did not base their new designs on Inspiring buildings

 Instead of learning the guiding principles that have evolved over the centuries, they choose to skip this legacy, and reinvent the wheel

 This architecture does not serve us

 I can suggest a name to Le corbusier’s message , I would call  it Conscious Inspiration

Here Is an interesting example , Le Corbusier has published in his book Towards Architecture

This example shows us how “Conscious Inspiration” works for Le Corbusier

Here are the four Conscious Inspiration steps, who led Corbusier to high quality and creative architecture

First step–  le Corbusier choose the right “Inspiration Sources” that empowers his vision,  guiding principles = Outlining guidelines

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Second step– this is one of Le Corbusier’s first buildings. le Corbusier implements consciously the principals of the “Outlining guidelines” in a building characterized by periodical architectural characteristics   

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Third step – le Corbusier develops his own personal design tools =five points of architecture / Maison Domino

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le-corbusier-five-points-of-architecture0001111

Le Corbusir’s five points of architecture – Eliinbar sketches 2011

Fourth step- le Corbusier use his inspiration sources as the “Planning Process Generator”, he combines the tools developed and design high quality creative architecture, The building shown in the next image is a completely radical design compared to buildings which are being built at the time

210

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Inspiration from existing buildings…. Apparently we can get inspired from a number of buildings simultaneously

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on May 18, 2013 by eliinbar

spiral-architecture-eliinbar-sketches-2011-001

–   Eliinbar’s sketches 2011 – Spiral Architecture

Today post presents for the seventh time, my New “Conscious Inspiration” project…. 100 Conscious projects in 200 days

100projects in 200 days that we can easily Identify their Inspiration sources

These projects are published in ARCHDAILY the world’s most visited architecture website

The inspiration sources for the 100 projects ,are not nature in full bloom ,or wonderful music,not exciting prose

Their inspiration sources are existing buildings

– 

 ? What does it indicates about us

It indicates that there is an expanding phenomenon and we can not  ignore it

Architects are inspired by existing buildings as a method

? So what’s the problem 

The problem is that some of us are experiencing difficulty getting inspired from existing buildings

Sometimes the result of this process, looks more like “Copy-paste” rather than conscious inspiration

 

? So how to get inspired consciously from existing buildings

– 

You are invited to join me to a very short journey uncovering the inspiration sources of a Snailtower designed by Künnapu & Padrik Architects

 published lately in ARCHDAILY

In my privious post we saw how Steven Holl Is inspiered consciously from Le Corbusier‘s  La Tourette  monastery

Le Corbusier’s La Tourette  monastery, is Steven Holl’s  Inspiration building

The Snailtower building , published lately in ARCHDAILY, is characterized by a variety of sources of inspirations

for you to judge

  What was the “floor plans strategy” of the “SnailTower” designers

This is Zvi Hecker’s floorplan for the  spiral apartment house in Ramat gan Israel, designed and built in the 70s

Published in  arcspace.com

Zvi Hecker's floorplan for the  spiral apartment house in Ramat gan Israel, designed and built in the 70s.

And this is the Snailtower typical floor plan

Published in ARCHDAILY in may 2013

Snailtower typical floor plan

Notice the spiral floorplan with the apartments grouped around a central, load bearing column within which all the service functions were located. In the Spiral House, the retaining column has been removed and replaced by an open courtyard

The Spiral House deploys the principle of terracing typical of Arab villages where the roof is used as part of the living space for the apartments. The organization of the living spaces around an interior courtyard and the use of inexpensive, readily available materials are local components that compliment the geometric order based on a spiral.

From arcspace.com

For more information about “Spiral Architecture” you are invited to browse to my relevant post  : Spiral architecture & Conscious Inspiration

spiral-architecture-eliinbar-sketches-2011-001

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?What was the Snailtower’s designers facades strategy

This is the well Known Zollverein School of Management & Design, designed by SANAA in the early 2000. Essen,Germany 2003-2006

zollverein-building-by-sanaa1

And this is the Snailtower typical façade

building year : 2008

Published in ARCHDAILY in may 2013

Snailtower typical façade

Notice the dominant principle of the “Ideal Disorder” in the Snailtower  and SANAA’s building facades

Square openings , with different sizes and proportions, scattered on the building façade

For more information about  the Ideal Disorder Design Strategy

 you are invited to browse to my relevant post  : MVRDV, Rafael Moneo and SANAA are leading the age of the Ideal Disorder Design Strategy

From Eliinbar's sketchbook 2012 Ideal Disorder Design Strategy

From Eliinbar’s sketchbook 2012 – Ideal Disorder Design Strategy

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Inspiration from an existing building…. Le Corbusier and Steven Holl shows us, that it is worth trying….

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on May 14, 2013 by eliinbar

 Eliinbar Sketchbook 2012 –Is Le Corbusier's  La Tourette Monastery,Steven Holl's "Inspiration building"?

from  Eliinbar Sketchbook 2012 –Is Le Corbusier’s  La Tourette Monastery,Steven Holl’s “Inspiration building”?

sketches-for-baner-etzy2-copy-3-copy-copy-copy[1]

 Today post presents for the sixth time, my New “Conscious Inspiration” project…. 100 Conscious projects in 200 days,100 projects in 200 days that we can easily Identify their Inspiration sources

These projects are published in ARCHDAILY ,the world’s most visited architecture website

The inspiration sources for the 100 projects ,are not nature in full bloom ,or wonderful music,nor exciting prose

Their inspiration sources are existing buildings

You are invited to join me to a very short journey uncovering the inspiration sources of Steven Holl

Steven holl‘s Campbell Sports Center was published in Archdaily  May 2013

Notice the dominant horizontal building wing,raised through a series of pillars

Steven Holl Architects Campbell Sports Center Columbia University, New York, NY, USA 2013

Let’s see what are Steven Holl‘s inspiration Sources….

This is Steven Holl’s competition entry for the American Library expansion in Berlin1984

Notice the dominant horizontal building wing,raised through a series of pillars

Steven Holl's competition entry for the American Library expansion in Berlin .1984.

Interesting enough,  Steven Holl was not the only one that showed interest in

The “Floating Buildings Trend

Here is Zaha Hadid’s Expo Centre exhibition halls and residential tower

In Moscow, published in 2007

Zaha Hadid Architects Expo Centre exhibition halls and residential tower project Moscow Russia Published in 2007

and this is my sketch describing the evolution of the

Floating buildings trend

 Eliinbar Sketch book 2012 – the“Floating buildings trend

From Eliinbar Sketchbook 2012 – the“Floating buildings trend

And finally, as I keep repeating it in many of my blog entries

knowledge is the foundation for all designing process

This is Le Corbusier‘s  La Tourette Monastery from 1953-1960

notice Le Corbusier’s  La Tourette dominant building wing,raised through a series of pillars

Le Corbusier's  La Tourette Monastery from 1953-1960

Steven Holl is a well-known fan of Le Corbusier

   Le Corbusier‘s  La Tourette , is probably the “Inspiration building” for  Steven Holl‘s  American Library expansion from 1984

 More than 25 years later, Le Corbusier‘s  La Tourette,is probably once more, the “Inspiration building” for the campbell-sports-center

For you to Judge

 Eliinbar Sketchbook 2012 –Is Le Corbusier's  La Tourette Monastery,Steven Holl's "Inspiration building"?

From Eliinbar Sketchbook 2012 – Is Le Corbusier’s  La Tourette Monastery,Steven Holl’s Inspiration building

Check the   NEW  CONSCIOUS  INSPIRATION  PAGE

in my Facebook