Archive for vertical city

Le Corbusier Is probably the “Conscious Inspiration” Father, but without doubt, Rem Koolhaas is the Contemporary Inspiration Source for leading architects

Posted in Inspiration Source, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 23, 2014 by eliinbar

Eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2014 ,Rem Koolhaas and SANAA Typology of a Shifted Buildings

From Eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2014– Rem Koolhaas and SANAA Typology of a Shifted Buildings


After a long break, I’m back.. Business as usual .. Nothing new under the sun.

Today’s post will be the first of a series, inquiring whether one of the leading architectural firms in the world, office of Architecture OMA led by Rem Koolhaas, is a popular Inspiration Sources among leading architects today.

Each post will introduce a building designed by  Rem Koolhaas . I will identify the building main configuration, and its origins. Then I will unfold some buildings, we can identify characteristics indicating they were influenced  by Rem Koolhaas   .

In other words,  Rem Koolhaas’s  buildings, most likely were their Inspiration Source

The Inspiration Source

This is the new De Rotterdam complex a “vertical city” in Rotterdam completed in 2013

Designed By office of Architecture OMA led by Rem Koolhaas

Commission 1997, groundbreaking December 2009, completion November 2013


  Rem Koolhaas’s quote published in DEZEEN :

a building that consists of separate volumes that were slightly shifted vis-a-vis each other

The main configuration

 Here is a sketch I made, that explains the principles of the typology of a Shifted Buildings

Typology of a Shifted Buildings

The origins

 And this building  is Frank Lloyd Wright’s “Falling Water” built in the USA in 1934 . this building is probably one of the known examples of  Shifted Buildings.

 Frank Loyd  Whrite's “Falling Water”

 Frank Lloyd Wright- “Falling Water”

Plans, sections and elevations

Frank Loyd  Whrite's “Falling Water”  Plans, sections and elevations

 Note that the principle of shifting is expressed in plans, sections and elevations

Conscious Inspiration today

This is a Museum built lately in NewYork City,designed by Tokyo-based architects Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa.

 Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa are partners in the Japanese architectural firm SANAA.

 SANAA has won the 2010 Pritzker Architecture Prize, the profession’s highest honor.

SANAA received the commission of this Museum in 2002 and completion was in 2007


SANAA‘s Museum is a multi purpose buildings with an ambitious program a dramatic stack of seven rectangular boxes.

The following video explains well the museum main configuration

Of shifted boxes.

What do the architects have to say?

This is how Rem koolhaas describes the main  configuration of the De Rotterdam complex: “a building that consists of separate volumes that were slightly shifted vis-a-vis each other



And this is SANAA’s description for the  museum in New York: “We knew we could not maximize the entire site with solid architecture, we had to reduce the building’s mass somehow to create space between it and the perimeter. The solution of the shifted boxes arrived quickly”.

From New Building Museume



Notice that Rem Koolhaas and SANAA are using the same basic notions to describe their buildings: “shifted volumes / boxes“.

Eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2014 ,Rem Koolhaas and SANAA Typology of a Shifted Buildings

 From Eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2014– Rem Koolhaas and SANAA Typology of a Shifted Buildings



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Glimpse to the past

you are invited to visit my relevant posts

MVRDV Inspiration …. Or a self fulfilling prophecy

Eliinbar's sketches

 Rem Koolhaas & MVRDV-”Conscious Inspiration”5


Here are some more contemporary buildings,designed by the same principle of SHIFTING TYPOLOGY….OMA’s De Rotterdam complex most likely is their Inspiration Source

– Building_Blocks_by_psion005

 sanjay  puri architect   דובאי


Shifted Buildings q_65_g_8_c_n_p__picsnews_665071




-atelier- UID Architects      Osaka

garrison architects

hamburg science centre  OMA


thumb  August, 2008

בנינים מדורגים





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MVRDV Inspiration …. Or a self fulfilling prophecy

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on November 25, 2012 by eliinbar

From eliinbar’s sketchbook 2012 – MVRDV Inspiration …. Or a self fulfilling prophecy


We passed the million and a Half views all time
Thank you all


In this post we will learn about MVRDV’s Inspiration sources …. Or maybe it’s a “self fulfilling prophecy”….

For you to judge….

In the next image a building designed by Rem Koolhaas in Bangkok, Thailand in 1996 .

The building is designed according to the “Stacking Diagram design Strategy”

Rem Koolhaas & OMA Architects

The Hyperbuilding , A self-contained city for 120,000 inhabitants with housing, education, culture, welfare, medical facilities, amusement, industry, retail .

 Bangkok, Thailand  1996

How does the “Stacking Diagram design Strategy” works? 

First step: definition of size and shape of the spaces in accordance with the program.

Second step: designing the building as a “stacking Diagram” emphasizing the program.

 eliinbar’s sketchbook 2012 – Rem Koolhaas and the The Hyperbuilding

For more information about theStacking Diagram design Strategyvisit my post

Rem Koolhaas -“They were All my sons”– Bjarke Ingels Group – BIG & MVRDV& REX & FREE

 From  eliinbar’s sketchbook 2012   OMA’s “Stacking Diagram” design Strategy-


In the next images….buildings designed by two of Rem Koolhaas’s former employees/partners .

Today they are part of the world’s leading architectural firms …. REX- (Joshua Prince-Ramus) and BIG-(Bjarke Ingels)

REX architects

MuseumPlaza  Louisville  Kentuky

 USA published 2005

Bjarke Ingels group- BIG  architects:

cross # towers

seoul , korea published 2012

Recently was published in ARCHDAILY

a new building ,designed by another Rem Koolhaas’s former employees/partners…. MVRDV

MVRDV Architects

vertical city integrates retail, offices, housing, a luxury hotel, four levels of parking, a wedding house, a mosque, an imax theater and an outdoor amphitheater

 Jakarta, Indonesia

Published in ARCHDAILY 2012

 eliinbar’s sketchbook 2012 – MVRDV Inspiration …. A self fulfilling prophecy

Note the similarity in three projects…you can easily Identify the primary components of the buildings ….the Stacking Process has a clear visual expression….


 Just a Minute….

 13 years ago MVRDV won a world wide competition to design Berlin Voids housing project, a vertical block marking the void left by the Berlin Wall….a three-dimensional puzzle of individual apartments.

MVRDV Architects

Model-Berlin Voids

 Competition 1991

eliinbar’s sketchbook 2010 -MVRDV and Rem Koolhaas &REX….the Stacking Diagram design Strategy”



I can estimate

that the Berlin Voids housing project designed by MVRDV in early 90s is the source of inspiration for the “Stacking Diagram design Strategy”? 


Well…Is MVRDV’s Berlin Voids housing project designed in the 90’s is MVRDV’s “self fulfilling prophecy“?


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MVRDV Architects

vertical city, Jakarta, Indonesia

Published 2012

Finally, it is hard to ignore another two dominant planning strategies,highlighted in MVRDV’s  Jakarta’s  vertical city building ….

I call them “Multi Style Buildings Trend” and the “Revolving/Rotated floors buildings”


“Multi Style Buildings Trend”:   Buildings designed by one architect divided into several parts. Each part of the building is characterized by a different architectural style.( materials, different morphology, the building envelope, the building openings etc.)

For more information about the Multi Style Buildings Trend”visit my post –The New “Multi Style BuildingsTrend” – Herzog-De-Meuron & Jean Nouvel & Dominique Perrault & Massimiliano and Doriana Fuksas

eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2012 – “Multi Style Buildings Trend”

“Revolving/Rotated floors buildings”: For more information about the Revolving/Rotated floors buildingsvisit my post: Expo 2010 Part Eight – The “Revolving/Rotated floors buildings”

eliinbar’s Sketches 2010 – “ Revolving \ Rotated  floors   buildings “


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The  “Conscious Inspiration Method‘ ,  How it Works?

First step:  the inspiration Source.

Second step:   Developing  the Conscious Inspiration tools.

Third step:   Realize the design idea.


The five “HOWS” of the “Conscious Inspiration Method”

The ultimate inspiration methodology:

1. How to filter out relevant Knowledge from the Web with abundance of information?

2. How to develop your own Vision?

3. How to choose the right “Inspiration Sources” that empowers your Vision?

4. How to develop your personal Design tools?

5. How to use your Inspiration Sources as the “Planning Process Generator”, and design high quality and creative architecture?

“Conscious Inspiration” is practicing and acquiring tools to improve observation and differentiation of details.

The abundance of information in the Web affects us all, as I illustrate in my posts.

I Believe that designing is a process formed from three main phases:  knowledge, tools and invention.

Knowledge”:  as many said, and wrote before – Knowledge is the foundation for all designing processWe architects and designers are obliged to be informed about everything that was designed in the past and on a daily basis….

“Tools”:  develop tools to analyze buildings and “Understand” them,  tools that will cope with the abundance of architectural information…

(I intend to demonstrate some of my ideas in future posts)

“Invention”:  with the methodology of “conscious Inspiration” we don’t need to be intimidated to get inspired from relevant buildings.  Once we develop our tools, it will lead us to high quality and creative architecture.

Eli Inbar


The New Vertical City – ” Conscious Inspiration”

Posted in buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 22, 2011 by eliinbar

The New Vertical City eliinbar’s sketchbook 2011

This post is about the sources of inspiration for the new “vertical city”.Le Courbusier called it  “La Ville Radieuse” – “The Radiant City

Recently were published in the Web several interpretations to the notion of thevertical city

This projects review is partial. It Includes the main sources of inspiration for today Architects and planners designing the “Vertical City

Le Corbusier Architect

Unité d’Habitation Marseille

France, built 1947-1952

Le Courbusier “La Ville Radieuse” Conceptual sketch

“La Ville Radieus(1924 )  represented an utopian dream to reunite man within a well-ordered environment. Unlike the radial design of the Ville Contemporaine, the Ville Radieuse was a linear city based upon the abstract shape of the human body with head, spine, arms and legs. The design maintained the idea of high-rise housing blocks, free circulation and abundant green spaces proposed in his earlier work. The blocks of housing were laid out in long lines stepping in and 0ut. and were raised up on pilotis. They had roof terraces and running tracks on their roofs.

Archigram (1960s)

Archigram (1960s)drew inspiration from technology in order to create a new reality that was solely expressed through hypothetical projects. Committed to a ‘high tech’, light weight infra-structural approach that was focused towards survival technology, the group experimented with modular technology, mobility through the environment, space capsules and mass-consumer imagery. The works of Archigram served as a source of inspiration for later works such as the High tech ‘Pompidou centre’ 1971 by Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano, and Future Systems.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hong Kong Apartment Buildings 2010

Metous Studio

Barrio de los Paracaidistas

published in Archdaily 03 Jun 2010

Metous Studio Barrio de los Paracaidistas Conceptual sketch

Their approach reconfigures the traditional Mexican street as an open-air high-rise to provide unlimited potential for a new type of urban environment.  ”The meaning of the tower is a living being that breathes in the city and is truly defined by Mexican culture and people,”

By shifting key components of Mexico’s urban fabric to the vertical dimension, a new three-dimensional urban organizational grid is formed.   The street is continued from the ground plane and becomes the connecting thread linking the entire tower.  The street reacts to sunlight, wind, adjacencies and population density, as it sometimes widens for commercial activity, an open green space, or to provide visual and circulatory freedom.

The tower’s structural framework affords the design a sense of flexibility, allowing it to be adapted to the community’s needs over time.  The system has the potential to support a series of vertical neighborhoods that grow around and into one another. Sub-public and private spaces evolve organically, creating complex urban spaces similar to those of historic Mexico.

Each building within this new vertical city is self-structural and built into the larger super-structure.   This non-modular system “allows neighborhoods to develop with a richness and diversity reminiscent of the larger Mexico City context” Over time, the tower will be defined by those who have lived there, making it a testament to Mexico’s past and allowing a built object to reveal the history of the different neighborhoods.


Nordhavnen Pixel City

published in Archdaily 19Mar 2011


This community was developed with the idea of life as a focus from the inception of the design process. Great emphasis was set on carefully balancing and integrating residential, cultural, commercial, recreational, naturalistic and institutional elements of this master plan. A holistic approach to both micro and macro organization were seen as being crucial to this ultra livable city.

Nordhavnen’s aim is to be a flexible and evolving model of a 21st century town which focuses on renewable energy, waste reduction, ecological building materials and alternative transportation options as a key to it’s viability, livability and longevity.

Mekano Studio Seeds of Life”

honorable mention in the eVolo 2011 skyscraper

competition published in Archdaily 20-3-2011

Vertical City eliinbar Sketches 2011


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Le Corbusier  –  La “Ville Radieuse” NOW!!

Le Corbusier – “ville Radieuse” 2 – Not So Conscious Inspiration

Zaha Hadid  the “Dancing Towers – Concept”

The Search for the Typology/Image of the new Green Apartment Building