Archive for Oscar Niemeyer

Toyo Ito and the “Conscious Inspiration Method”, How does it work for him?

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on December 20, 2012 by eliinbar

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From Eliinbar’s sketchbook 2012 -Toyo Ito and the “Conscious Inspiration Method”

Inspiration sketch Gallery (ISG) by Eli Inbar

In my previous post I quoted the words of  OSCAR NIEMEYER Commenting about “invention in architecture

 

“This thing called inspiration is not important to me at all. The other day as I was drawing a project, when I sat in front of the desk I already knew what I was going to do. I thought about it for many days, about each possibility, each solution, about the fact that I wanted to do something different. Architecture, to me, is invention. Go to Brasília—you may or may not enjoy my projects, but I dare you to find something similar”

 

See the full interview with Oscar Niemeyer at METROPOLICEMAG.COM

:http://www.metropolismag.com/story/20060515/the-last-of-the-modernists

I also shared with you my insights about the “Conscious Inspiration Method”

Here is a brief summary….

The designing method I call Conscious Inspirationis a process formed from three main phases:  “knowledge”, Designing Tools = “Codex Rules” and “Invention”. 

Knowledge:as many said, and wrote before, is the foundation for all designing process. We architects and designers are obliged to be informed about everything that was designed in the past and on a daily basis….

Designing Tools”=“Codex Rules”: develop tools to analyze buildings and “Understand” them, Tools that will help us cope with the abundance of architectural information…

“Invention”  with the methodology of “conscious Inspiration”, we don’t need to be intimidated to get inspired from relevant buildings.  Once we develop our tools, it will lead us to high quality and creative architecture.

Let’s see how the “Conscious Inspiration” works for Toyo Ito,  when he designs the Tama-art-university-library….

The next image is Toyo Ito’s Tama-art-university-library…. At first glance It looks like an ordinary pillars and arches structure.

527376173_tama-library-0114-528x352

Conscious Inspiration” is a process formed from three main phases:  “knowledge”, Designing Tools = “Codex Rules” and “Invention”….

“knowledge”

Conscious Inspiration” is first of all the understanding of the importance of “knowledge”….

The buildings and pattern presented in the next images is in my opinion, the “Knowledge”, that was the inspiration base for Toyo Ito’s Tama-art-university-library.

 

The next  image is an inside view of the Mosque of  Cordoba

Cordoba_sal

Note the repetitive motif of the columns and arches.

 The next image is the Interior of the Bibliotheca Alexandria (the New Library of Alexandria designed by  Snøhetta  1988-  2002)

alexandrialibrary-interior

 Notice the repetitive motif of the columns, arranged in orthogonal rows.

The next image is a typical Islamic pattern

mfIQeEg

Note the intersecting guidelines. They eventually create the Islamic pattern

The “Inspiration Source”

Oscar Niemeyer ‘s Permanent International Fair, designed in 1962-74  shown in the next image is in my opinion, Toyo Ito’s “Inspiration Source

philippou.2010.05.33

Note the Unique configuration of the concrete arch

“Invention”

The next image is Toyo Ito’s Serpentine Pavilion, from 2002. 

ito01

Note the unique pattern of the Serpentine Pavilion’s façade, a similar Strategy we had noticed in the Islamic pattern

The next image is Toyo Ito’s Tama-art-university-library from  2007…. At first glance It looks like an ordinary pillars and arches structure.

biblioteca_tama_art_toyo_ito_01

Note Toyo Ito’s selection of pillars for the tama-art-university-library. 

The repetitive columns, in a shape of arc, are suspiciously similar to Oscar Niemeyer’s “mushroom” column in the Permanent International Fair. 

Notice also the round light fixture Toyo Ito makes use of, in the Tama-art-university library and the round mushroom shape designed by Oscar Niemeyer ….Is the morphological similarity a pure coincidence?….

The next image is a typical floor plan of  Toyo-Ito‘s  Tama-art-university-library from 2007.

plantas copy (1) - Copy

Note the unique arrangement of the columns and arches,

A similar Strategy we had noticed in the Islamic pattern.

The next image is a model of Toyo-Ito‘s  Tama-art-university-library HachiojiCity, Tokyo, Japan 2007

Tama1 - Copy

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From Eliinbar’s sketchbook 2012 – Toyo Ito and the Conscious Inspiration Method

At first glance, Toyo Ito’s tama-art-university-library is an ordinary pillars and arches structure.

But when you start realizing Toyo Ito’s Inspiration sources and Invention…. It’s getting inspiring….

Check the   NEW  CONSCIOUS  INSPIRATION  PAGE

in my Facebook

 –

Oscar Niemeyer, le Corbusier, Toyo Ito And the first chapter, in the short story of “invention” in architecture….

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on December 15, 2012 by eliinbar

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From  eliinbar’s sketchbook  2012 – Complex relations between inspiration and invention in architecture….

In this post  I will focus on the relations between inspiration and invention in architecture….

The next building was designed by one of the most innovative architects who worked in last two centuries….The late  Oscar Niemeyer….

sochi-2414

Oscar Niemeyer Architect

Parish Church

 1957

Oscar Niemeyer ‘s Parish Church ,is the South American version of the European le corbusier’s Nôtre Dame du Haut Chapel, shown in the next image. (I will go into details, in my next post)

Ronchamp 1

Le Corbusier  architect

Chapel of Nôtre Dame du Haut

France 1955

001 - Copy - Copy

From  eliinbar’s sketchbook  2012   – Oscar Niemeyer‘s Inspiration Sources

Notice the morphological similarity between Oscar Niemeyer ‘s Parish Church and  le corbusier’s Nôtre Dame du Haut Chapel .

1. An upturned roof like a sail billowing in the windy supported on columns embedded within the walls.

2. Notable use  of concrete in the structure .

3. The main part of the structure consists of two concrete membranes separated by a space of forming a shell which constitutes the roof of the building. 

4, The roof  is supported by struts, which form a vertical surface of concrete.

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And Here are some relevant quotes from an interview with Oscar Niemeyer By Eduardo Graça, Posted May 15, 2006:

1.” Pay attention, kids, you can’t graduate and just dedicate your life to being a good architect. That is bullshit. You need to find an original way to think and to be informed about everything daily. Read, read, read, and read”.

2.This thing called inspiration is not important to me at all. The other day as I was drawing a project, when I sat in front of the desk I already knew what I was going to do. I thought about it for many days, about each possibility, each solution, about the fact that I wanted to do something different. Architecture, to me, is invention. Go to Brasília—you may or may not enjoy my projects, but I dare you to find something similar” 

3. “Anyone who is going to be an architect should invest part of his time in the knowledge of humanism”. 

See the full interview with Oscar Niemeyer at METROPOLICEMAG.COM

:http://www.metropolismag.com/story/20060515/the-last-of-the-modernists

To be continued in my next post….

Check the   NEW  CONSCIOUS  INSPIRATION  PAGE

in my Facebook

 –

“EPILOG”

I think that “Inspiration” or “Copy Paste” are the most dominant phenomenon of the 21st century among architects.

Most likely the “availability of information” enables the existence of the phenomenon.

The abundance of information in the Web affects us all…. I present it every week here ….We saw more than once ….The differences between “Conscious Inspiration” and “copy paste” are not so big….

And that is exactly what I intend to clarify and understand in this blog.

I believe that the natural development of architecture design is based on inspiration techniques ….I call them “Codex Rules”.

 –

I strive to develop a method….

 A method that will help architects and designers to cope with this phenomenon…. At this point in time, I call it the “Conscious Inspiration Method” ….

With the methodology of “conscious Inspiration”, we don’t need to be intimidated to get inspired from relevant buildings.  Once we develop our tools =“Codex Rules”, it will lead us to high quality and creative architecture.

“Conscious Inspiration” is practicing and acquiring tools to improve observation and differentiation of details.

The abundance of information in the Web affects us all, as I illustrate in my posts.

I Believe that designing is a process formed from three main phases:  knowledge, tools and invention.

Knowledge”:  as many said, and wrote before – Knowledge is the foundation for all designing processWe architects and designers are obliged to be informed about everything that was designed in the past and on a daily basis….

“Tools”:  develop tools to analyze buildings and “Understand” them,  tools that will cope with the abundance of architectural information… (I intend to demonstrate some of my ideas in future posts).

“Invention”:  with the methodology of “conscious Inspiration” we don’t need to be intimidated to get inspired from relevant buildings.  Once we develop our tools, it will lead us to high quality and creative architecture.

Eli Inbar

Oscar Niemeyer 1907- 2012

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , on December 7, 2012 by eliinbar

Architect Oscar Niemeyer has passed away at the age of 104. 

In memory to the Last modernist architect….

I gathered some of my posts from the last two years.

Those posts show Oscar Niemeyer’s huge contribution ….

His buildings are the “Source of inspiration” for generations of talented architects…

David Chipperfield & Oscar Niemeyer & The Parthenon “Conscious Inspiration”

https://archidialog.com/2011/01/16/

david-chipperfield-oscar-niemeyer-eliinbar-sketches-2011-001

eliinbar Sketches 2011  -The Parthenon “Conscious Inspiration”

Oscar Niemeyer “Conscious Inspiration” 1

https://archidialog.com/2011/01/09/

oscar-niemeyer-f-giibberd-eliinbar-sketches-20110001

Eliinbar’s sketches 2011 – Oscar Niemeyer “Conscious Inspiration” 1

Oscar Niemeyer in Israel Part one

https://archidialog.com/2011/01/11/

oscar-niemeyer-eliinbar-sketches-201100011

Eliinbar’s sketches 2011– Oscar Niemeyer in Israel Part one

Oscar Niemeyer in Israel part two

https://archidialog.com/2011/01/12/

copy-of-oscar-niemeyer-moshe-safdie-eliinbar-sketches-20110001

Eliinbar’s sketches 2011 – Oscar Niemeyer in Israel part two

Oscar Niemeyer “Joyous inspiration curves” part one

https://archidialog.com/2011/01/03/

niemeyer-sanaa-eliinbar-sketchbook-20110001

  from eliinbar’s  sketchbook 2011 -Oscar Niemeyer & SANAA

Oscar Niemeyer “Joyous inspiration curves” part two

https://archidialog.com/2011/01/04

niemeyer-sanaa-eliinbar-sketchbook-20110001-copy

  from eliinbar’s  sketchbook 2011 -Oscar Niemeyer “Joyous inspiration curves” part two

Oscar Niemeyer “Conscious Inspiration” 2

https://archidialog.com/2011/01/10/

oscar-niemeyer-eliinbar-sketches-20110001

Eliinbar’s sketches 2011 – Oscar Niemeyer “Conscious Inspiration” 2

OMA is Rem Koolhaas’s way for living a parallel life between the theory and practice of architecture.

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on December 3, 2012 by eliinbar

 Eliinbar Sketchbook 2012 - OMA and Rem Koolhaas’s parallel life between the theory and practice of architecture

From Eliinbar’s sketchbook 2012 – OMA and Rem Koolhaas’ parallel life between the theory and practice of architecture

In every direction I check….eventually all roads lead to OMA.

This post Is about one of the most Inspirational architecture firms working today….  MVRDV.

Maas and Van Rijs, two of MVRDV founding members, worked at OMA.

The next image is a housing complex designed by MVRDV in 1999…It’s called the FLYING VILLAGE (Villa Voladora –In Vienna, Austria)

0961_012

Notice the Main characteristics of this structure….

A three dimension curved slab with a dominant green terrace

Five years later (2004) the contemporary architectural firm SANAA, design the Rolex Learning Center, at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

SANAA maquette OK.indd

Notice the three dimension curved slab with a dominant green terrace….

It is hard to ignore the morphological similarity between MVRDV’s and SANAA’s  projects.

 Eliinbar Sketchbook 2012 - OMA and Rem Koolhaas’s parallel life between the theory and practice of architecture

From Eliinbar’s sketchbook 2012 –  Conscious Inspiration

Check the   NEW  CONSCIOUS  INSPIRATION  PAGE

in my Facebook

We passed the 2000 LIKES
Thank you all
    enjoy….

  Eliinbar

 –

But the story begins long before….

What are the origins of this architecture approach?

What is the justification for the huge financial effort required to build the  Rolex Learning Center?

What is the added value that the user gets for this effort?

Well in this blog I do not deal with these questions….

The questions that concern me are….

What were the sources of inspiration that eventually generated these structures?

I think that “Inspiration” or “Copy Paste” are the most dominant phenomenon of the 21st century among architects.

 Most likely the “availability of information” enables the existence of the phenomenon.

 The abundance of information in the Web affects us all…. I present it every week here ….We saw more than once ….The differences between “Conscious Inspiration” and “copy paste” are not so big….

 And that is exactly what I intend to clarify and understand in this blog.

 I believe that the natural development of architecture design is based on inspiration techniques ….I call them “Codex Rules”.

 –

And finally I strive to develop a method.

 A method that will help architects and designers to cope with this phenomenon…. At this point in time, I call it the “Conscious Inspiration Method” ….

 With the methodology of “conscious Inspiration”, we don’t need to be intimidated to get inspired from relevant buildings.  Once we develop our tools =“Codex Rules”, it will lead us to high quality and creative architecture.

Let’s see how the “Conscious Inspiration” works for SANAA….

“knowledge”

Conscious Inspiration” is first of all the understanding of the importance of “knowledge”…. as many said, and wrote before knowledge is the foundation for all designing process. We architects and designers are obliged to be informed about everything that was designed in the past and on a daily basis….

The buildings Presented in the next images is in my opinion, the “Knowledge”, that was the inspiration base for The Rolex Learning Center

ucauditorium-001

Oscar Niemeyer Architect

 University of Constantine auditorium

Algeria 1968

niemeyer-sanaa-eliinbar-sketchbook-20110001-copy

from  Eliinbar’s sketchbook 2011

2358007020_9c96dcdb42

MVRDV Architects

Villa VPRO

 Hivesum  The Netherlands  1993

mvrdv-villa-vpro-_-eliinbar-sketches-20100001

from Eliinbar’s sketches 2010

144

Rem Koolhaas Architect

 Campus Center for the

University of Utrecht   1997

rem-koolhaas-_-eliinbar-sketches-20100001

Eliinbar’s sketches 2010

“Inspiration Source”

MVRDV’s Villa Voladora designed in 1999 ,showen in the next image is in my opinion, SANAA’s “Inspiration Source”

0961_012

“Invention”

And the building in the next image is SANAA’s

Rolex Learning Center, desined in 2004

What do you think was  SANAA’s invention ?

SANAA maquette OK.indd

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From Eliinbar’s sketchbook 2012 –  Conscious Inspiration

Oscar Niemeyer once said You need to find an original way to think and to be informed about everything daily“. 

 To illustrate to you that he knows something about architecture

 I recommend you watch the following video showing a new building designed by OSCAR NIEMEYER

 An architect over the age of 100

The building is called puerto de la musica’…. Worth seeing to the end

No one escapes from Le Corbusier’s “raising Ramp-trend” Richard Meier , Oscar Niemeyer, Snohetta, Jean Nouvel ….

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 29, 2012 by eliinbar

from  Eliinbar’s Sketchbook 2012- Le Corbusier’s “raising Ramp-trend”

Happy to be back after a long and challenging vacation….

In this post I will share with you a new “Conscious Inspiration” story….

The Story of the”Raising Ramp Trend”.

As always….
I’ll be brief in presenting the historical background of the “Raising Ramp
The Full story is complex and long….(I may write more about it in the book I will publish before my retirement….)

The “Raising Ramp” planning component highlighting the building’s entrance….
And suggests the main traffic strategy inside the building

The interesting and significant chapter in this story begins with a project designed by Le Corbusier in the sixties.

The Carpenter Center for Visual Arts built at 1963 in the Harvard University, shown in the image below.

Le Corbusier’s Carpenter Center forVisual Arts

Harvard University Cambridge

Massachusetts 1963

Richard Meier a contemporary recognized and influential Architect, frequently uses the principle of the ”Raising Ramp” in several of his buildings .

Le Corbusier unique style is recognized as Richard Meier ”inspiration sources”,  from the time Richard Meier was still part of a group called “The New York Five” in the seventies.

The High Museum of Art designed and built by Richard Meier  in 1983 shown in the image below,  is a relevant example.

Richard Meier Architect

High Museum of Art

Atlanta – Georgia , U.S  1983 

Architect Oscar Niemeyer of  Corbusier’s generation,  is still designing
contemporary architectural, using the principle of the “Raising Ramp

An example of this, see the image below of the Art  Museum Niterói designed by Oscar Niemeyer  in the nineties.

Oscar Niemeyer Architect

Contemporary Art Museum Niterói

Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, completed in 1996.

Another example from the beginning of the decade
Is a the Oslo Opera House designed by the Snohetta Architectural firm.

The unique design of the Oslo Opera House is a good example of implementing the principals of the “conscious inspiration method

Snohetta took the design principle of “Raising Ramp” a step forward….

They gave a new interpretation to the idea of of the “Raising Ramp

You are invited to visit my relevant post with more examples of the
buildings that Invite the public to climb on them

Snohetta Architects

Oslo Opera House

2004-2007

Finally, three buildings recently designed according to the “conscious inspiration principles” ….
they all implement , in a creative way, Le Corbusier’sRaising Ramp

Jean Nouvel  Architect

La Philharmonie de Paris

Designed for a Competition  2007 , now under construction

Note  the entrance ramp

C. F. Møller Architects

Children’s House

Odense Denmark    2010

gmp architekten

Hangzhou  south railway station

china ,competition: 2011–1st prize

More examples of the “raising Ramp-trend”will be published in my blog course of the weekend ..

Check the New  CONSCIOUS  INSPIRATION  PAGE

in my Facebook

Eliel Saarinen & Conscious Inspiration

Posted in buildings, public buildings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on August 23, 2011 by eliinbar

During the research I’m doing the last few days in pursuit after Zaha Hadid’s inspiration sources. (Zaha Hadid & Plastelina Architeccture)

I ran into the last building designed by Eliel Saarinen 

What do you think,  the churches designed by Sir Frederick Gibberd and Oscar Niemeyer are his inspiration sources?

 

Eliel Saarinen Architect

 North Christian Church, Columbus, Indiana

completed in 1964 

 Photo by Greg Hume

 

 Oscar Niemeyer Architect 

 Cathedral of Brasília   

Brazil,established 1958, inaugurated in 1960 , Completed:   May, 1970

 Sir Frederick Gibberd Architect

The Metropolitan Cathedral of Liverpool

England 1960 – 1967

    Eliinbar sketches 2011  &  Oscar Niemeyer

_

 

You are invited to visit my recent and relevant post 

oscar Niemeyer “Conscious Inspiration” 1  https://archidialog.com/2011/01/09

 –

My New meditation corner:

What is “Conscious Inspiration”?

“Conscious Inspiration” is practicing and acquiring tools to improve observation and differentiation of details

Check the   CONSCIOUS  INSPIRATION  PAGE

in my Facebook

 

 

 

David Chipperfield & Oscar Niemeyer & The Parthenon “Conscious Inspiration”

Posted in public buildings with tags , , , , , , on January 16, 2011 by eliinbar

sketches-for-baner-etzy2-copy-3-copy-copy-copy[1]

The Parthenon is a temple in the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena.

The Parthenon…enjoys the reputation of being the most perfect Doric temple ever built. Even in antiquity, its architectural refinements were legendary, especially the subtle correspondence between the curvature of the stylobate, the batter, or taper, of the naos walls and the entasis of the columns.”

From  John Julius Norwich, ed. Great Architecture of the World. p63

The Parthenon

 Acropolis,  Athens,  Greece

  started 447 BC – completed 432 BC

Oscar Niemeyer Architect 

  Mondadori’s head office

   Segrate, just outside Milan –  Inaugurated in 1975 

The building complex is composed of three elements. The five floors of the main building are suspended within a parallelepiped, fronted by a series of arches and containing offices and newsrooms. This is set against two low, sinuous structures that emerge from a stretch of water. Their irregular and wave-like forms, which resemble that of a leaf, are made even more suggestive by a 20,000 square-metre artificial lake. The building is surrounded by a large park, laid out by landscape architect Pietro Porcinai.

From  Mondadori’s Website

 

 David Chipperfield  architect 

 Museum of Modern Literature , Marbach, Germany

  Completed  6 June 2006

The Stirling Prize for 2007 has been awarded to the Museum of Modern Literature. With a spare colonnade around its boxy, minimalist form, the Museum is something of a neoclassical Parthenon 

In its October 6 announcement, the jury commended the project’s “rich but selective palette of materials,” which includes fair-faced concrete, sandblasted reconstituted stone, limestone, felt, glass, and wood, with dark timber paneling in the exhibition galleries.

“This is a building that is simultaneously rich and restrained, a trick Chipperfield pulls off as well as any architect working today. The architect’s control and discrimination in the choice of materials has by now become a signature but above all it is in the handling of the ‘difficult whole’ that the building excels.”

From Architectureweek 

Chipperfield’s Quote:

There is a danger when every building has to look spectacular, to look like it is changing the world. I don’t care how a building looks if it means something, not to architects, but to the people who use it.”

eliinbar Sketches 2011  The Parthenon “Conscious Inspiration”

sketches-for-baner-etzy2-copy-3-copy-copy-copy[1]

Check the  NEW  CONSCIOUS  INSPARATION  PAGE

in my Facebook